Large outward swinging gates are located at each end of this space.
The ranch served as a way station for travelers crossing the remote Arizona Strip.
Following the passage of the Edmunds Act in 1882 and the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the Act's constitutionality, the federal government began cracking down on polygamy (the practice of having multiple wives, a tenet of the early Mormon Church). Federal marshals were directed to track down and bring to court any men who were suspected of practicing polygamy. Those sentenced were handed stiff jail terms, and a number of church members did spend time in Utah and Arizona prisons.
Safe houses were established to shelter polygamists or their wives as they stayed ahead of the federal marshals. In the 1880s - 90s, Pipe Spring became a refuge for wives of targeted Southern Utah men, since it was located across the territorial line in Arizona. One plural wife said of her move to Pipe Spring, "So about the year 1886, I moved to Pipe Spring. In other words, I went to prison to keep my husband out."
Pipe Spring National Monument
Near Fredonia, Arizona
Part of the Great American West series