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Posted by
Steve Rice (Olympia, United States) on 25 March 2020 in Documentary & Street and Portfolio.

A guard tower in the Eastern Sierra? What is this about? The answer gives us a look into one of the darker chapters of American history. This is Manzanar National Historic Site located between Lone Pine and Independence, California, USA. During World War II, Americans of Japanese ancestry and Japanese who were denied citizenship by federal law were interned here and in nine other camps across the country. This was facilitated by President Franklin D Roosevelt signing Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942. The order authorized the US military to exclude and detain US citizens and resident aliens. In practice this applied to individual German and Italian aliens and all persons of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast.

I've known about this violation of Constitutional rights for decades but only recently learned of this historic site. I had to see it and see if it has any relevance to current events.

"You may think the Constitution is your security–it is nothing but a piece of paper... it is nothing at all, unless you have sound and uncorrupted public opinion." – Charles Evans Hughs, Chief Justice, US Supreme Court, 1930-1941.

Manzanar: An American Concentration Camp
California, USA

By Marie from Entre By Marie et Montagnes, France

Unfortunately, constitutions do not prevent acts of barbarism by men towards their fellow men.
A sad page of history Steve, as we also have in France, but very often they are ignored because governments do not boast about them. You did well to tell us these stories with pictures so that we can learn a little more about American History.

25 Mar 2020 6:12am

Jypyä Pop from Turku, Finland

Wars and other emergencies create strange arrangements that violate human rights. Human rights are not valid unless you represent and agree with mainstream culture.

25 Mar 2020 6:54am

jpla from St Barthélémy, France

... mais la photo est somptueuse

25 Mar 2020 7:05am

Gérard from Allauch, France

So they didn't do otherwise than at Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau, and others... !!!!

25 Mar 2020 7:14am

jean pierre from Paris, France

superbe photo!!! merci pour les explications!! amts

25 Mar 2020 8:46am

Existence Artistique from Angers, France


25 Mar 2020 9:21am

Vaido from Võrumaa, Estonia

A very interesting detail from history... It is an especially interesting coincidence to see the picture on the day, when we in Estonia have a memorial day of March Deportation, when over 20, 000 people were forcefully taken from Estonia to Siberia by Soviet authorities in 1949.

25 Mar 2020 10:23am

@Vaido: The deportation was a terrible thing under the brutal Stalin regime.

Ralf Kesper from Fröndenberg, Germany

Excellent b/w-shot!

25 Mar 2020 10:23am

Devi from Chennai, India

A very i9nteresting real story here. May be it was Okay for the President during the War Peiod..Hope they were all released later and mingled with the piblic and lived normal lives.
A beautiful image !

25 Mar 2020 10:55am

tataray from Charentes-Poitou, France

Excellente photo .

25 Mar 2020 11:07am

suzanne from Belgium

Une photo super réussi !

25 Mar 2020 11:28am

Marjolein from Westvoorne, Netherlands

Dramatic image in bl-white
Fascinating story with a nasty background

25 Mar 2020 11:31am

Hiro from Kyoto, Japan

I hope this plague does not cause discrimination.

25 Mar 2020 11:33am

Shaun from Massachusetts, United States

A dark time in History Steve.

25 Mar 2020 11:34am

Don from Spokane, United States

A fine example of a sad history that was so unjust for a race.

25 Mar 2020 12:31pm

Steven from Chicagoland, United States

Who knew that such a beautiful view could be associated with such a dark past?! Thank you for the background information!

25 Mar 2020 12:49pm

Daniel from Kenmare, United States

so sad

25 Mar 2020 1:13pm

Ana Lúcia from Leiria, Portugal

I love the B/W treatment.

25 Mar 2020 1:52pm

Lougris from Toulouse, France

Surveiller la frontière....chaque camp a ses raisons....sans doute...

25 Mar 2020 2:25pm

Rose from United States

What a view...sure was not the story I expected.

25 Mar 2020 2:57pm

B. Thomas from Arlington, Texas, United States

I had no idea. I moved this image over on my screen until the tower did not show, and it was a beautiful b&w of the mountains. Then I moved it back, and knowing about it now, it had a totally different feeling to it. Very interesting shot and info.

25 Mar 2020 3:32pm

Pascale MD from Occitanie, France

La photo est superbe, quant à l'histoire, il existe de nombreux pays qui n'ont pas forcément à être fiers de leur passé, et pour certain, cela perdure dans le présent.
Bonne fin de journée

25 Mar 2020 3:48pm

Mhelene from Villiers-sur-Marne, France

...and I suppose to see in real life the witnesses of these camps must be terrible ...A superb composition .

25 Mar 2020 5:05pm

Libouton Martine from Bousval, Belgium

Une très belle photo !! J'aime beaucoup ton noir et blanc !

25 Mar 2020 5:19pm

willy from Belgium

Quelle histoire Steve

je l'ignorais ...


25 Mar 2020 5:22pm

Ruthiebear from Titusville, NJ, United States

A troubling history, but a gorgeous image.

25 Mar 2020 5:41pm

omid from mashhad, Iran

sad story ...
A M A Z I N G !!!!

25 Mar 2020 5:59pm

sherri from Little Rock, Arkansas, United States

a stark scene for sure. what an atrocity and today's culture seems to be propelling us toward more madness.

25 Mar 2020 7:39pm

Nicou from Sion, Switzerland

Quelle tour r dans ce décor NB impressionnant quelles sommets un tour d'observation
belle soirée

25 Mar 2020 8:13pm

Elaine Hancock from Olney, United States

That must have been interesting to see. The mountains are magnificent. I had a friend who was in one of the camps when she was a teenager with her parents and brother. She was not really able to talk about it much. They lost everything.

26 Mar 2020 12:51am

Ruthiebear from Titusville, NJ, United States

Congratulations on your SPOTLIGHT!

26 Mar 2020 3:38pm

@Ruthiebear: Thank you, Ruthie.

Steven from Chicagoland, United States

Congratulations on the well-deserved Spotlight!

26 Mar 2020 3:42pm

@Steven: Thanks, Steven.

Jason Kravitz from Brussels, Belgium

Such a beautiful place for such an evil purpose. May each of us individually and collectively choose the higher path when the opportunity arises.

26 Mar 2020 3:48pm

@Jason Kravitz: I agree completely.

Anna Cherer from LA ROCHELLE, France

A very interesting story and great landscape !
Congratulations Steve !

26 Mar 2020 4:00pm

@Anna Cherer: Thank you so much, Anna.

Shaun from Massachusetts, United States

Congratulations on the Spotlight Steve. Excellent choice.

26 Mar 2020 4:09pm

@Shaun: Thank you, Shaun.

omid from mashhad, Iran

& Congratulations! :)

26 Mar 2020 5:21pm

@omid: Thanks, Omid.

Diana from Olympia, United States

The darkness within captured in beautiful light

26 Mar 2020 7:28pm

@Diana: Thank you.

Ana Lúcia from Leiria, Portugal


26 Mar 2020 7:34pm

@Ana Lúcia: Thank you, Ana.

Gérard from Allauch, France

Congrats Steve for this Spotlight of memories !

27 Mar 2020 6:29am

@Gérard: Thanks, Gérard.

Dimitrios from ATHENS, Greece



27 Mar 2020 12:14pm

@Dimitrios: Thank you, Dimitrios.

Elaine Hancock from Olney, United States

Congratulations on the Spotlight Steve!

27 Mar 2020 6:49pm

@Elaine Hancock: Thank you very much, Elaine.

Stu from From Scotland | Working in Kyoto, Japan

Absolutely stunning! Congratulations Steve.

27 Mar 2020 10:51pm

@Stu: Thanks, Stu.

Steed from D, France

Welcome in the Grat Wide Open ........Nice Picture,and Congrat's for the Spotlight,Friend ...

28 Mar 2020 4:55pm

@Steed: Thank you.

Mhelene from Villiers-sur-Marne, France

and Congratulations on your Spotlight well deserved !

28 Mar 2020 6:43pm

@Mhelene: Thank you very much, Mhelene.

Denny Jump from Bellevue, WA, United States

Your Caption Notes say it all....Thank you Steve...

4 Apr 2020 8:07pm

This image has been featured in 1 Remix collection.

in Praise of Grey by Jaya